In 1910 Paul Geheeb, together with his wife Edith Geheeb-Cassirer, founded the Odenwaldschule, which soon became the most famous progressive school in Germany. With the ascendancy of the Nazis it became impossible for the Geheebs to pursue their vision – they closed their school and emigrated to Switzerland. In 1934 they founded the Ecole d’Humanité. After a twelve year odyssey with a small group of children, mostly war refugees, the school finally settled in the mountain village of Goldern on the Hasliberg. At first distinctly out of place, the Ecole has since become an integral and well accepted part of the village. In 1956 Natalie Lüthi Peterson founded the American Program, which currently makes up one third of the school.